The Goose Creek area was settled in 1670 when settlers from Barbados arrived to establish plantations.
Well before the arrival of the British, Goose Creek was populated by several Indian tribes including the Etiwan and Sewee tribes, the first natives to meet the English settlers in Sewee Bay, now Bull's Bay, during the 1670s. Historical evidence suggests that the assistance received from these Indian groups was extremely valuable to the new settlers. Unfortunately, by early 1700s, smallpox had decimated these tribes.
Soon after settlers became established in the Charleston area, Goose Creek was recognized for its excellent agricultural potential. Several plantations were established in the area that grew rice, indigo, and later cotton. The Cooper River, with its brackish waters and tidal flow, was found to be perfect for the cultivation of rice. With the use of gate systems, rice growers could easily control the flooding and draining of rice fields. The names of these plantations live on in the names of existing neighborhoods such as Crowfield Plantation, Liberty Hall Plantation, Spring Hill Plantation, and Fox Bank Plantation.
Following the Civil War, the land within these vast plantations was seized and divided by governing federal authority and then redistributed to many different families, ultimately resulting in a large system of smaller farms. These farms struggled to prosper. The economy of the area remained poor well into the 1960s. In the 1970s and 1980s, things changed dramatically. The area's economy is now robust and diverse, attracting new corporations and new developments alike. Today, Goose Creek is home to such companies as Alcoa, Bayer, General Dynamics and Fuji Film. It is also home to the large Charleston Naval Weapons Station and the Navy Nuclear Power Training Command.
Improved transportation corridors have added to the convenience of living in Goose Creek. Now, it takes less than 25 minutes to reach the Charleston Historic District and under 30 minutes to reach the beach. It has become common place for people to live in Goose Creek and work in other areas such as Charleston, Mt Pleasant and West Ashley. The residents experience a strong sense of community that results from a centuries-old existence. They also enjoy the natural beauty, including lakes, such as Lake Moultrie, rivers, such as the historic Cooper River, creeks, parks, woods and swamps. Wherever your outdoor enthusiasm lies, be it boating, camping, hiking, kayaking or fishing, you will be right at home here. Plus, residents have easy access to the fantastic historic attractions of Charleston as well as all of the area's amazing events such as the internationally known Spoleto Performing Arts Festival. Without a doubt, today Goose Creek is one of the fastest growing communities in South Carolina.
Goose Creek has also recently embarked on a project to create a distinctive downtown area and has recently added a brand-new community center and Municipal Complex.